Today's Topic: Christmas

1. Warm up: Happy Xmas!

"Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" is a Christmas song released in 1971 as a single by John & Yoko (Plastic Ono Band) with the Harlem Community Choir. The song has periodically reemerged , most notably after Lennon's death in December 1980. Also a protest song against the Vietnam War, "Happy Xmas (War Is Over)" has since become a Christmas standard, frequently recorded by other artists, appearing on compilation albums of seasonal music, and named in polls as a holiday favourite.?

So this is Christmas
And what have you ...... 
Another ....... over
A new ..... just begun

And so this is Christmas
I hope you have ..... 
The near and the ....... ones

The old and the ........ . 

A very merry Christmas
And a happy New Year
Let's ........ it's a good one
Without any ...... .

And so this is Christmas
For weak and for ......
The rich and the .......... ones
The ........ is so long

And so happy Christmas
For ........ and for white
For yellow and ........ ones
Let's stop all the ..........

A very merry Christmas
And a happy New Year
Let's ....... it's a good one
Without any ..........

And so this is Christmas
And what have we ..... 
Another ....... over
A new ....... just begun

And so happy Christmas…

2. Golden Gate Bridge 

The Golden Gate Bridge is one of the most internationally recognized symbols of San Francisco and California. It is a suspension bridge spanning the one-mile-wide (1.6 km) strait connecting San Francisco Bay and the Pacific Ocean. The bridge links the U.S. city of San FranciscoCalifornia—the northern tip of the San Francisco Peninsula—to Marin County.

Watch the short Pathe Newsreel: how long did it take to construct it? Why do you think it was such a "big deal" when it was finished in 1937?

Now watch this B1M video. It tells the "story of the bridge" and is full of information: technical, economic, environmental. Take notes and then retell the story in no less than 1 and not more than 2 minutes.   

3. The Longest, Tallest, Oldest...

The three longest bridges are in China. The tallest is in France. Do you know where to find the oldest bridge?  Which do you personally consider the most interesting or beautiful?   

Research bridges all over the world on the web (English only!) and prepare a short talk not shorter than 2 minutes and not longer than 3 minutes. You have 15 minutes to prepare your talk.

4. The Charles Bridge in Prague,

combining history, technical ingeniousness, and beauty.

Have you ever been to the Charles Bridge in Prague?  Do you like to walk over it? Please watch the video and take notes. Try to gather as many dates and facts as you can. We will then summarize them together. 

5. Three Ways to Build Bridges Over Water 

This presentation explains the basics of the three main ways how to build a bridge over deep water. What are they? Prepare explanation in English of the following terms:

  • battered piles

  • cofferdams

  • caissons  

6. My Favorite Bridge(s) 

Personally,  I like to visit three bridges.: the Stone Bridge in Písek (Southern Bohemia), Brooklyn Bridge in New York, Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco. Here is why...

What is your favorite bridge and why? Please describe and explain in no less than 300 and no more than 500 words. 

You can describe more than one bridge. If you do not have a favorite bridge, describe another man-made construction or another place that you like.